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Korea lies in the northeastern part of the Asian continent. It is located between 33 degrees and 43 degrees in Northern Latitude, and 124 degrees and 132 degrees in Eastern Longitude. China, Russia and Japan are adjacent to Korea. The Korean peninsula is divided just slightly north of the 38th parallel. The democratic Republic of Korea in the south and communist North Korea are separated by a demilitarized zone.

Mountains cover 70% of Korea's land mass, making it one of the most mountainous regions in the world. The mountain range that stretches the length of the east coast plunges steeply into the East Sea, while along the southern and western coasts, the mountains descend gradually to the coastal plains that produce the bulk of Koreas agricultural crops, especially rice.

Administratively, the Republic of Korea consists of nine provinces ; the capital Seoul; and the six metropolitan cities of Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon and Ulsan. In total, there are 77 cities and 88 counties.

Korea has four distinct seasons; spring full of warm sunshine, hot summer, autumn with fresh winds and winter with white snow. The contrast between winter and summer is striking. Winter is bitterly cold. Summer is hot and humid due to the maritime pacific high. The transitional seasons, spring and autumn are sunny and generally dry. Temperatures in all seasons are somewhat lower than those at the corresponding latitudes in other continents, such as North America or Western Europe.

In Korea, the summer can be divided into two periods; jangma, a rainy period which occurs during the early summer months, and a hot and humid period which occurs in August. August is the hottest month with the mean temperature ranging from 19C to 27C. Rainfall during the summer time is characterized by heavy showers. If you want to check the weather in Korea now, please click here. click here.

Flight to Korea
Korea is connected by air to every major capital in the world, either through direct flights or by connecting flights from major international airports in East Asia. About 37 international airlines maintain regular flight services, with over 1,500 flights into and out of Korea every week. Korea has eight international airports: Incheon International Airport in Incheon, which began its operation on March 29, 2001, plus Gimhae, Jeju, Cheongju, Gimpo, Yangyang, Daegu and Gwangju International Airports. Gimpo, Gimhae and Jeju operate direct flights to and from Tokyo, Fukuoka, Nagoya and Osaka in Japan.

'Hangeul,' the Korean Alphabet, was created by King Sejong in 1443. Hangeul is simple, but systematic; so it is easy to learn. Every Korean can speak and write the same language, which has been a decisive factor in bringing to Koreans their strong national identity. 'The Hunminjeongeum,' a historical document, which provides instructions to educate people on the use of Hangeul, is registered with UNESCO. UNESCO awards a 'King Sejong Literacy Prize,' every year in memory of the inventor of Hangeul.

han guk eo

Hangeul written in syllabic units made up of two, three, or four letters.